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Trump to border to press case for wall

US President Donald Trump is heading to Texas to press his case that the country is facing a crisis that can only be solved by spending billions of dollars to construct a wall along the border with Mexico.

His trip to the border town of McAllen, Texas, comes on the 20th day of a partial government shutdown that has left hundreds of thousands of Americans out of work or working without pay, while Trump and his fellow Republicans fight with Democrats over his demand for $US5.7 billion ($A10.15 billion) this year to construct the barrier.

Trump's plan to build a wall was a central promise of his 2016 presidential campaign. He said last month he would be "proud" to shut the government down over the issue.

He has also been considering whether to declare a national emergency and use it to go around Congress by spending money allocated for the Department of Defence to build the wall.

Democrats who control the House of Representatives refuse to approve the wall funding.

Critics say that such a move by Trump would be illegal, and plan to immediately challenge it in court. Even some Republicans who want to build a wall have said they do not want money to be taken from the military to pay for it.

Trump will travel to Texas with the state's two US senators, Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz. After Trump's midday visit, Cornyn will host a roundtable discussion with local mayors, judges, law enforcement personnel and others involved with the border issue.

On December 22, about 25 per cent of the government - excluding mainly the Department of Defence and health-related programs - shut down because of Congress' inability to complete work by a September deadline on funding all government agencies.

Backed by most Republicans in Congress and with the strong backing of his most ardent supporters, Trump has said he will not sign any bill to reopen the government that does not provide the funds he wants for the wall.

The impasse has continued while Trump's meetings with Democratic congressional leaders have ended in acrimony. On Wednesday, Trump stormed out of a meeting with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer, calling it "a total waste of time."

Trump says that undocumented immigrants and illegal drugs are streaming across the border from Mexico, despite statistics that show illegal immigration there is at a 20-year low and that many drug shipments likely come through legal ports of entry.

Democrats accuse Trump of using fear tactics and spreading misinformation about the situation along the border in order to fulfill a 2016 campaign promise as he looks toward his race for re-election in 2020.

On Tuesday, Trump said in his first prime-time television address from the Oval Office that there was a growing security and humanitarian crisis at the border.

Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has made clear he will not allow that chamber to vote on any measure that does not includes wall funding.

© RAW 2019